The word ‘Vietnam’ has been in my memory practically as long as I can remember; I can still see the ‘George McGovern’ drawing I did as a kid, hung up in the Berkeley campaign headquarters office by Lorien’s mother, Rita. Nixon was running against him, using the platform ‘Stop the War’, though few Berkeleyites believed it. The time in U.S. history was one of civil unrest, and Berkeley seemed right in the thick of it. Up until shortly after 9/11 I might have posited that the Vietnam War left behind an era of offensive U.S. engagement in affairs that might not prove beneficial to either ‘side’. Some argue that the Vietnam/American War may have halted a spread of communism that might have overtaken the west. I personally think that the more extreme forms of communism were already slowly dying on the vine, but as we cannot change the past (despite how hard ‘the history books’ try), there is no way to know for sure. Was the Vietnam/American War a benefit to the southeast Asian people? Based upon what happened in Cambodia shortly thereafter, I’d have to doubt it. Was the war a benefit for the American people? Based upon many things, including both how veterans fared and were treated afterwards, I think not.
Communism still exists, and although it is alive an well in Vietnam, many people consider it a sort of ‘Communism Lite’. The government of Vietnam has chosen to open the economy in many ways, though not necessarily to outsiders. 75% of the population of Vietnam is under 35 years old, and thus many do not even remember the Vietnam War, much like the students on board the MV Explorer who only know it in a historical context. They will in the future, however, have some personal knowledge of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, though it remains to be seen what is written in the history books. Just as we ‘took over’ for the French in the Vietnam War, it may be argued that we ended up inheriting an unwinnable situation in Afghanistan from Russia, although the web of circumstances that got us there is certainly different. Based upon our experiences in Vietnam, should we have known better, at least in regard to Iraq?
I choose to revisit these issues in my mind because of how completely the Vietnamese people seem to have forgiven us, both North and South, old and young, and regardless of the fact that the country remains communist. Their country was ravaged by war for hundreds of years before we came in support of France, but has been relatively peaceful since. Coincidence? Only time will tell, though the Vietnamese people can envision future disagreements with China to the north, mostly over water issues. China’s thirst for electricity has driven the country to build dozens of hydroelectric dams, both choking and starving rivers that have for hundreds of years run their courses as they might, often into other countries. As in so many other parts of the world, the availability of clean water sources could prove to be a formidable challenge to sustainable future growth.
The World Bank deems Vietnam on of the best performing economies in the world in the last 10 years, largely a result of the U.S. bilateral trade agreement signed in 2004, seven years after the embargo was lifted in 1994, which had been in place 30 years. Many large high-tech companies have chosen to locate large factories in Vietnam, partly as a diversification strategy to get away from China’s popularity.
Vietnam does have some challenges, despite how rosy things are economically. Inflation is currently 15-20%, coincident with 6% GDP growth over the last 5 years. There is protectionism in some business sectors, it has corruption issues ranging from local police to customs officials, an aging education system, and an infrastructure that is improving but still strained by rapid growth. Intellectual property rights barely even exist here, pollution is on the increase while social inequalities have improved. Vietnam is changing very fast, but can it continue?
PS: It’s Halloween, and the kids engaged in Trick-or-Treating on the MV Explorer, prior to tomorrow’s 6 AM departure from our berth on the Saigon River, timed with the tides. Fun times, Tate got another opportunity to dance with Chelsea in the Union, and I unfortunately tried the wrong piece of ‘local’ candy from the kids’ bag, the foul odor of which emanated from my mouth after a few chews of durian candy. KACK!
|Tate dancing with Chelsea, who is from South Carolina.|